History of Tirupati Balaji Temple

History of Tirupati Balaji Temple

Tirupati Balaji Temple is better known as Shree Venkateshwara temple in one of the most famous & crowded pilgrimage centers in India. Devotees are attracted here from all over the world, in the belief that their prayers get answered. Most of the scriptures described it as the place where Lord Vishnu resides in Kali Yuga.

Deity to be the self-manifested statue of Lord Maha Vishnu, who presented himself in this temple to help his devotees from the evil of kali age. The temple is a crucial milestone of Hindu mythology, which holds a glorious place in the Tirumala Hills in the Chittur district of Andra Pradesh.

The Greatness of the Temple

It is one of the popular temples inviting several devotees in a day. The Vishnu’s vaahana ‘Garuda’ welcomes devotees to the temple flushed with legend and faith. Thousands of devotees wait outside patiently to get the blessing of Lord Maha Vishnu.

Hundreds of devotees drawn to this sacred temple and their offering ranges from coconut to gold, and there is an interesting myth behind this too. Believed as to be a contribution to the lord Shree Venkateshwara for a loan he took from ‘Kubera’, the god of wealth to marry Lakshmi in the form of Padmavathi.

An age-old practice, hair donation followed here. Many people shave their heads for the prayers they made before having the blessing from inside the temple. It represents a sacrifice of material beauty and giving up of one’s false ego.

This temple is referred to as ‘Temple of Seven Hills’, since situated on the hill and spread over 26.75sq.km of area. Everything about the Tirupati temple is alluring from the idol to the aura around the deity. ‘Laddu Maha Prasadam’ from here is very famous all over. Brahmavotsavam and Vaikunta Ekadashi are the main festivals conducted here.


The Shree Venkateshwara temple has been held in great reference throughout history. The construction of the temple began in 300AD, and it continued with the contribution from many kings from time to time. Many of the ancient texts have mentioned about the prominence of the temple.

Tirupati Temple Construction

Believed, Lord Vishnu once appeared in King Thondaiman’s, dream who was the king at that time and had asked him to construct the temple. King Thondaiman then started with the construction of precincts and towering gateway of the temple. He wanted his subjects to worship the Lord regularly. The Pallava kingdom donated a lot to the temple. Later on, the temple was then developed by Chola and Vijayanagara Empire. Several kings supported the temple until it gets passed to the control of East India Company.

Later on, Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam(TTD) took the administration of the Tirupati Temple. TTD was intuited in 1932. The Lord Venkatesa’s statue, located inside the temple in the Sanctum Sanctorum is called Ananda Nilayam. This gold-plated tower, “Ananda Nilayam” housed the main Deity and is constructed around the 12th century A.D. The temple was built as per the Dravidian architecture.

History and Legends associated with the Temple

Puranas says that Lord Vishnu came to Tirumala hills in human form for serving some purpose. After that, God remained on the hills. To help humanity in the dark age, the Lord turned Himself into stone.

The Hindu scripture mentions the story of Balaji as follows. Sage Brighu once went in search to find out who is the supreme one in the Hindu triad Gods, the ‘Trimurti’. He was not satisfied with the way he got treated by Brahma and Shiva. He approached Lord Vishnu in anger and kicked the chest of the Lord to grab his attention. Goddess Lakshmi got insulted as she resides in the chest of Maha Vishnu and that Lord didn’t utter a word at the Sage. She left Vaikunta and went to earth. Lord Vishnu then came to earth in search of Lakshmi, who was named as Padmavathi and got married to her.

The glory of the Temple

Everything about Shree Venkateshwara temple is lordly from its non-stop reciting of ‘Om Namo Venkatesaya’ to the 8-feet tall idol of Lord Venkateshwara. Believed that, Tirupati Balaji Temple is a place where Lord Vishnu will reside during this Kali Yuga.

The temple premises provide food to all pilgrims and also include lodging centers and hair tonsure buildings.

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